Wait For It… Why the Job Search Process Takes So Long

Img via Public Domain
Img via Public Domain

In 1965, basketball player Wilt Chamberlain became the first NBA player to earn $100,000 in salary. But that didn’t sit well with Bill Russell, who had already led the Boston Celtics to 8 championships in the previous 9 years. As the story is told, he went to the team and demanded a salary of $100,001, which he promptly received.

If only asking for and receiving the salary you wanted could be that fast and easy.

The length of time to find a job fluctuates with the economy

If you’ve been job searching for some time, then you already know the frustration it can bring.

  • The average time it took an unemployed worker to find a job fluctuates, from 22 weeks in 2022 to a whopping 39 weeks in 2012 — nearly 10 months — to an average of 16 weeks in 2002. (Bureau of Labor Statistics)
  • The average length of the interview process has nearly doubled from 12 days in 2009 to 24 days in 2022. (Glassdoor)
  • Candidates are now often subjected to five, six, or even seven or more rounds of interviews before companies finally make an offer.
  • The New York Times reports that employers are fearful of hiring the wrong person and are waiting for perfection.

But once you DO beat out all the other candidates and are told you’ve got the position, the game is finally over, right?

Not so fast. I’ve seen two examples where people find out that’s not always the case.

Case Study 1: Susan

My client “Susan” was laid off in November. Fortunately, she was forward-thinking and had seen the writing on the wall, so when she reached out for negotiation help, she already had her next job lined up. But looking back at our timeline, it’s a little bit disturbing:

  • December 5: She was told, “You should know something by the end of December”
  • December 17: The company blames the holiday rush, “We need more time”
  • January 29: Weeks pass before she has call to talk salary; we map out a strategy
  • February 5: “You should know something by Friday”
  • February 18: “There’s been some leadership changes, can we meet after the 25th?”
  • March 6: “You should know something by Friday”

On March 7, things got REALLY interesting.

She was in a crowded restaurant and overheard her name mentioned at a table nearby. She elbowed her husband to shush and listen in, and it ended up being someone in management at the company she was interviewing at.

They were complaining that, because their company took so long to hire people, they always lost good candidates.

It had become a topic of public conversation!

  • March 10: She received a verbal offer. But we all know what that’s worth, right?
  • March 22: Finally — FOUR MONTHS from her initial interview — she finally signed an official, written offer. Insane.

Case Study 2: Linda

Another client, “Linda,” had a similar story. She interviewed in late January, the company gushed about how much they wanted her, but kept dragging things on for weeks on end.

After nearly 2 months of indecision, another offer fell in her lap and she had to abandon the previous opportunity — which she would have preferred — just because she couldn’t afford to wait any longer.

Img by Joshme17 via Flickr Creative Commons
Img by Joshme17 via Flickr Creative Commons

So what can you do about the long wait?

I’ve written about The Simple Sentence You Need To Say at the End of Your Interview To Make Your Job Search Less Stressful, but here are 3 major tips:

1) Watch your attitude

The first thing you need to do is get your own psychology in order. From the moment you are laid off or decide to pursue an opportunity, know this:

The process is going to take much, much longer than you think.

At every turning point… applications, interviews, negotiation, and offer, get it in your head:

  • There WILL be delays
  • There WILL be rescheduled meetings
  • Assume that things will take double or triple the amount of time

Then, if things do work out a bit faster, you’ll be pleasantly surprised.

2) Watch their attitude

As the hiring team comes back to you with delay after delay, keep a close eye on their communication and try to read between the lines.

  • In some unfortunate cases, yes, a company might be leading you on. Maybe there’s not even an official position open, and they’re just testing the waters to see what’s out there. If they keep you in the dark, don’t communicate well, and are vague in their answers, it might be best to move on. In the most frustrating cases, despite seeing dozens of candidates or even being told you’re a finalist, at the end of the entire process you discover that the company decided not to hire anyone at all.
  • In Susan’s case, the delay seemed to stem more from bureaucracy, not malice. It was a giant, old-school company, and the conversation she overheard confirmed that not only were candidates frustrated with the delay, but managers within the company as well. She was able to keep her eye on the prize and know that it was the system that was the problem, not her or her future managers.
  • In Linda’s case, she asked me if she should make an ultimatum to the company and force them to give her a date that they would make a decision. My advice below.

Should you make an ultimatum when waiting for a new offer? Answer these three questions:

  1. What is your current situation? Are you out of work and desperate for money or do you hate your current job so much that you need to get out immediately?
  2. Do you actually like the new company and want the job?
  3. How are they handling the situation?

For Susan, here’s what she said in response to those three questions:

1) “Well, my current job is fine. There isn’t a pressing financial crisis or issue in the workplace, so I’m OK coasting along for a bit longer, but it it’s definitely time for me to make a change soon.”

2) “Yes, I really do want to work for this new company.”

3) “The emails from the company feel very, very genuine. They keep emphasizing how much they want me for the position, apologize for the delay at every turn, and explain thoroughly that they are reorganizing their structure internally, and it makes sense for them to wait until that plays out before bringing her in.”

After hearing that, I definitely recommended against giving an ultimatum. After all, what good would it do?

While I understood that she was getting impatient, she could remain at her current job a bit longer and see how things played out. I actually turned the tables and said it could be an advantage … that maybe it’s a good thing that the company is trying to sort things out before she arrives, vs. bringing her into a chaotic situation with lots of changes right off the bat.

3) Keep your options open

By far the number one thing a job-seeker can do is to relentlessly keep pursuing new jobs right up until the moment you sign an offer. When you only have one option, you start to obsess about that one option.

  • Even if the company tells you “you’re our top candidate.”
  • Even if they say “you’ll definitely have an offer by Friday.”
  • Even if they are extremely apologetic and say that everything will be resolved very shortly.

The best course of action is to keep the pipeline flowing.

  • Keep networking
  • Keep applying to new jobs
  • Keep your options open

Keeping your options open will result in 3 things, all of them positive:

  • If the first company comes through, great, you got the job! At least you were keeping busy and not obsessing about it the entire time.
  • If the first offer falls through, then you’re not starting up your job search again from scratch — you already have things in the pipeline.
  • And finally, the best scenario. If you keep your options open and receive an offer from a new company, now you have increased leverage. It’s at this point that you can go back to the first company and press them for a date a decision can be made. You now have two choices for your next career move, which lets you more effectively negotiate your salary.

In the end, both candidates ended up happy. Susan kept an even keel as she sailed the wave of red tape for several months, and is now loving her new job, while Linda ultimately moved on to the next company since the first one still wasn’t ready to act.

While the entire process might not be a slam dunk, if you’re patient and keep your eye on the prize, hopefully you’ll end up happy in the next stage of your career, and making at least a little bit more than the next guy.

Note: A version of this article first appeared in a post for Salary.com.

The Value of Trick Job Interview Questions


There are literally thousands of job interview books available in bookstores right now, all designed to help you nail that interview and get you the job of your dreams.

Within all those pages, helpful authors take you through the tried and true questions that you must master in order to succeed, from the generic “Where do you see yourself in 5 years?” to the practical “Talk to me about some of the projects you worked on while you were at your last job.”

are-you-smart-enough-to-work-at-googleBut buried beneath the classics are a few books with titles such as “Are You Smart Enough to Work at Google?”

In fact, just memorizing the 25-word subtitle of the book could be its own question: “Trick Questions, Zen-like Riddles, Insanely Difficult Puzzles, and Other Devious Interviewing Techniques You Need to Know to Get a Job Anywhere in the New Economy.”

Most people will see a book or a blog post like that and treat it like a game show. Ha ha! I wonder if I can answer those crazy brain teasers! However,

I began to wonder if the effectiveness of these questions was being undervalued — by both the hiring company and the job-seeker.

I wrote about an example in my career where a “bonus question” at the end of a job description surprised me with how effective it was at determining the strength of an applicant’s candidacy.

Some of the reader feedback argued that this was an irrelevant, unfair, or self-centered “trick question.” To re-emphasize, each and every resume was reviewed, and all candidates were evaluated for their experience and qualifications as the primary qualifier. The bonus question was just that — a bonus.

That’s how you will be judged as well. If you’re going for a job in finance, you might come up with a great response to the question “If you could build a new animal, using the best parts of existing animals, which parts would you use?”

But if you don’t have a history of balanced budgets and a love for numbers, you’re not getting the finance job.

However, if you DO have the background AND you ace the other questions, your chances are much greater.

Why could trick job questions hold value?

1) Increased competition

Let’s face it, it’s a very, very competitive job market, and in some cases, very little distinguishes one qualified person from the next. We’ve already established that the same old standard interview questions have been around for decades, so once there are five candidates with the same degree, 3-5 years experience, and a stock answer for “What is your greatest weakness?” it’s going to have to come down to something else.

For a company like Google, it’s about attracting the best of the best. Sure, the qualifications for their Enterprise Geospatial Deployment Manager position in Taipei will vary from your entry-level marketing coordinator opening in Toronto, but the goal is the same — to use the interview process to determine the best possible candidate for the job.

So far, it seems to be working for them. For the past six years, Google has been in the top four of Fortune’s 100 Best Companies to Work For, coming in first three times, and I’d argue that the $38 billion in revenue in 2011 means their employees are doing something right.

2) New economy

Possibly more than any other time in our history, our culture is being defined by rapid change. Long-standing industries such as newspapers, books, movies, television, music, and retail have all had to rapidly adapt in a changing digital landscape.

In the online world, a company like MySpace can go from being valued at $12 billion to sold for $35 million in just four years, while Instagram went from its app store launch to a $1 billion acquisition in only 18 months.

Companies that have employees that are agile and highly responsive to change can be a huge asset, especially in a startup. Eric Reis, author of The Lean Startup, writes in his blog:

“By far the most important thing you want to hire for in a startup is the ability to handle the unexpected. Most normal people have a fairly narrow comfort zone, where they excel in their trained specialty… We want someone who is a strong lateral thinker, who can apply what they’ve learned to new situations, and who can un-learn skills that were useful in a different context but are lethal in a new one.”

3) Company fit

Beyond the basic qualifications of a job, one of the top requirements for any hiring manager is to make sure a new employee is a fit within the company culture.

Zappos is another company that is consistently ranked as an amazing place to work. To ensure that they are getting the right type of employee, one of the questions they ask is, “On a scale of 1 to 10, how weird are you?”

CEO Tony Hsieh explains,

“If you’re a 1, you’re probably a little bit too strait-laced for us. If you’re a 10, you might be too psychotic for us. It’s not so much the number; it’s more seeing how candidates react to a question.”


Finding the Right Mix

For a hiring manager, how do you find the perfect mix of brains, humor, camaraderie, work ethic, and adaptability?

Should you dismiss “trick” questions because many people feel they are unfair? For an employee, once you have your elevator pitch down and your resume highlights memorized, are you prepared to think on the fly?

I think Brandon Werner, a designer at Blip, sums it up well:

“I interviewed hundreds and hundreds of students when I was a Resident Director at my university, and I would always throw in the following question:

‘Which Muppet is the one who best describes you?’

I still do it when conducting interviews at my full-time job. I always get flack from people I’m working with about it, but I tell you, I have received some of the best and most telling answers from it.

Yes, people aren’t prepared for the question, so you can argue that it’s ‘not fair,’ but isn’t that the point? Thinking on your feet and having a sense of humor are the two paramount things I look for when finding someone I want to work with, and this question shows both.

For instance, I remember one guy saying ‘I’m most like Kermit, because he is the leader and I think I am a strong leader,’ then he launched into examples of good leadership.

Another said ‘I’m most like Gonzo, because he is the strange one,’ and then started talking about how they think outside the box.

I think those that laugh at the question and blow it off shows more than anything. To me it means they might think they are too ‘special’ or cool to talk about Muppets as an adult. C’mon, everyone knows the Muppets! I don’t want to work with someone who killed their inner child long ago, especially working in media and entertainment.”

So the pressure is on, folks.

Are you prepared to answer a non-standard question during an interview?
Do you have the skills needed to adapt in a rapidly changing economy?

If you want to test yourself, email me and tell me what Muppet are you most like, and why.

Note: A version of this article first appeared in a post for Salary.com.